The term delinquent can be used in general to mean "person to be punished" (i.e. the "punishee") in a formal sense. It is less accusive than "criminal" and often used for minor crimes, e.g. a "juvenile delinquent".
Truancy or "playing hookey" (skipping school) is a common form of juvenile delinquency that has traditionally led to a spanking punishment (at home, but sometimes at school). This has been portrayed in many novels and films in the past and continues in present-day fetish videos that use a domestic setting.